Saturday, August 12, 2017

What Drives People to Convert to Islam?

What Drives People to Convert to Islam?

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪What Drives People to Convert to Islam?‬‏

The nature of religious faith is quite mysterious.  As part of their religious faiths, people believe in a variety of deities.  There are people who have religious faith in the unseen supreme inimitable power, and then there are others who believe in some humans as Gods, or animals (e.g.  monkeys), fire, idols made of stone, and the list goes on.
A lot is associated with having a religious “faith”.  Part of it has to do with beliefs passed on through generations.  People’s identities therefore get tied to it.  Many times, these beliefs and associated feelings are not completely demonstrable by reason or any rational arguments.  There is nothing right or wrong with this, but that’s just how the nature of religious faith has come to be.
Almost everyone thinks they are right in their faith and beliefs.  Being with people and groups with similar faith further strengthens people’s faith, and they see it as right, even though logical reasoning and argument sometimes can’t explain it all.  That’s simple human psychology.

 Islam’s arguments based on intellectual reasoning

Muslims believe however, that the Islamic religion is different in this context.  One may argue that similar to other faiths there are aspects of it which are not completely demonstrable by reason, but on the other hand the Quranic text, which is God’s words addressing humanity at large, uses intellectual reason, critical thinking, and the process of reflection as a means not only to reinforce the faith of the believers, but also to call non-believers to ponder about the authenticity of Islam as the way of life for humanity at large.  Although no religious beliefs can be fully based on logic and reasoning, Islam and Quran provide more than enough examples and an opportunity to examine the truth and the soundness of its message through the lens of empirical evidence and knowledge.
No one (Muslim or otherwise) would argue that critical thinking and reflection can be a major catalyst for changing ones life.  Critical thinking has been used by many to improve their lives simply because a critical thinker asks probing questions about a situation, collects as much information as possible, reflects on the ideas collected and generated in context of the information available, keeps an open and unbiased mind, and carefully scrutinizes assumptions and seeks alternatives.   
This is the reason, therefore, that new Muslim converts would attribute the use of intelligent reasoning, reflection and critical thinking when explaining their journey to Islam.  Such people cut through the hysteria created in the media to view Islam from a critical lens and following the truth thus comes naturally to them as part of this process.  How else can one explain the increase in conversions with the increase of anti-Islamic rhetoric? How else can one explain that more non-Muslim preachers have been converting to Islam than ever before? Although, as Muslims, we believe that guidance comes only from Allah, the use of a person’s God-gifted intellectual reasoning has a very powerful role to play in Muslim converts making that destiny changing decision.  And once converted, they rarely go back to their old faiths, simply because a faith whose foundations are built on logic and reason is much less likely to be shaken down than one which simply builds upon a set of rites and sacraments.

  Reasons attributed by new Converts

Some of the reasons given why people convert to Islam are the eloquence of the Quran’s language, its overwhelming scientific evidence and proofs, arguments rooted in intellectual reasoning, and the Divine wisdom behind various social issues.   The uniqueness and beauty of the Quran’s text has been marveled by the best of Arab linguists and scholars, both Muslim and otherwise, from the days it was revealed until today.  The more knowledgeable people are in the language, the more they appreciate the wonders of the textual fluency of the Quran.    Revealed more than 1400 years ago, the Quran also has numerous scientific facts that are being validated by science only in this era.    Furthermore, it is the only known religious text that challenges mankind to think, reflect and ponder over the creation at large, social issues, God’s existence, and more.  The Quran, in many instances, challenges people to reflect and think on their own, rather than heeding the loose talk of those whose criticism is based on baseless foundations.    Finally, the Quran provides a solution to numerous social issues, deviation from which has been known to cause societal chaos at all levels. 
The Quran is a confident assertion of a Supreme Being; the only known religious book that has a confident assertion of a Supreme Being on all issues ranging from the creation of the universe to most particular components of the social milieu.   Moreover, its Divine Text - the language and prose of the Quran - is very different from the language in the Prophet’s sayings, which demonstrates that the Quran is not from the creative imagination or inspired words of Prophet Muhammad, as many doubters have alleged in the past, and continue to do even today. 
We can see that most of these reasons can only be attributed to the process of critical thinking and intellectual reflection.   However, cold reasoning is not enough.   The heart has to be engaged in the search: a search whose aim is to reach for the truth at its core.   No wonder, then, that when such sincere people hear the Quran for the first time, and understand it, they say:
“We believe in it; surely, it is the Truth from our Lord.   Indeed, even before it, we were Muslims!” (Quran 28:53)
The Quran challenges humanity at large to think, reflect and ponder over their affairs on numerous occasions.  This is some of what the Quran states:
·        Thus do We explain the verses (and their signification) in detail for the people who reflect. (Jonah, Quran 10:24)
·        Do they not think deeply about their own selves (being)?  Allah has created not the heavens and the Earth and all that is between them except with truth and for an appointed term.  And indeed many of mankind deny the Meeting with their Lord. (The-Romans, Quran 30:8)
·        He it is Who has appointed for you the night that you may rest therein, and the day to make things visible.  Verily, in this are signs for a people who listen. (Jonah, Quran 10:67)
·        Does man think that he will be left to no purpose? (The Resurrection, Quran 75:36)
·        Did you think that We had created you in play, and that you would not be brought back to Us?” (The Believers, Quran 23:115)
·        Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (The Criterion, Quran 25:44)
·        Do they not reflect? There is no madness in their companion (Muhammad).  He is but a plain Warner. (The Heights, Quran 7:184)
·        Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder for the fear of God.  Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect. (The Overcrowding, Quran 59:21)
When studying the many cases of new Muslim converts, we see that engaging in critical thinking and intellectual reasoning have led people to change their non-Islamic faiths – the same faiths that would earlier supposedly have moved mountains, but were diluted by the voice of reason easily heard in the roots of Islam.  A mere process of thinking and reflection brings so much into light that otherwise would remain veiled by the distractions and forces of anti-Islam pundits.  Those who are bent on seeing only the negative fail to see the light of truth. Rather, they engage in a never ending superficial analysis to unsuccessfully prove their misguided philosophies.
There are many statistics in the media that highlight the phenomenal rate at which people are converting to Islam.  Although, the authenticity of all these sources has not been validated for the purpose of this article, some of them include the following:
·        …many more examples exist.

What about Muslims?

If voices of reason embedded in the teachings of Islam are causing non-Muslims to revert to Islam in droves, why is it that so many Muslims born into the religion usually fail to fully follow, and thus enjoy, the teachings of the religion?  The fact is that it may just be the lack of critical thinking and reflection on the part of some Muslims that is forcing the Muslim world to have a substandard way of life as a whole.  Islam and its teachings hold the promise of a fulfilling and peaceful life for all.  Yet Muslims continue to ignore the basics and get mired in social and moral issues causing unnecessary pain and suffering on themselves and their families.  The fact is that only if they would think and reflect on the teachings of their own religion, they could escape the many problems and challenges that face them.

The Message

To non-Muslims who have only scratched the surface of Islam and may be getting distracted by those who are the wrong torch bearers of this religion and by the biased voices in the media, the message is simple – try to view the teachings of Islam with a critical lens.  It may be that you will be able to see more reason than you may initially have thought was not present.  To Muslims, the message is that sometimes we do not appreciate the teachings of our own religion simply because we never think and grow beyond the few religious practices in our operating lives.  A focused effort to learn, think and reflect more will help us get closer to the religious teachings in ways that can drastically improve our lives.

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Thirty Facts about Islam

Thirty Facts about Islam

1)           "Islam" means "surrender" or "submission". "Salam" (which means "peace") is the root word of "Islam". In the religious context, the word "Islam" means "the surrendering of one's will (without compulsion) to the will of God in an effort to achieve peace".

2)           "Muslim" means "anyone that surrenders himself/herself to the will of God."

3)           Islam is not a new religion or cult. It is a universal way of life and civilization. Studies show that between 1.5 and 1.8 billion people in the world identify their religion as Islam. Along with Judaism and Christianity it traces its roots through Prophet Abraham and back to the first humans Adam and Eve.

4)           There are five pillars of practice in Islam. These practices must be undertaken with the best of effort in order to be considered a perfect Muslim: A) Declaration of faith in One God and that Muhammad is a prophet of God. B) Formal prayer five times a day. C) Poor-due "tax" - 2.5% of one's excess wealth given to the needy once a year. D) Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once, if physically and financially able. E) Fasting during the daylight hours in the month of Ramadan.

5)           There are six articles of faith in Islam. These are the basic beliefs that one must have in order to be considered a true Muslim. They are belief in: A) The One God. B) All of the prophets of God. C) The original scriptures revealed to Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus and Muhammad. D) The angels. E) The Day of Judgment and the Hereafter. F) Destiny.

6)           Islam is a complete way of life that governs all facets of life: moral, spiritual, physical, intellectual, social, economical, etc.

7)           Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in the world. To become Muslim, a person of any race or culture must say a simple statement, the shahadah, that bears witness to the belief in the One God and that Muhammad is a prophet of God.

8)           "Allah" is an Arabic word that means "God". Muslims also believe that "Allah" is the personal name of God.

9)           Allah is not the God of Muslims only. He is the God of all people and all creation. Just because people refer to God using different terms does not mean there are different gods. Many Hispanics refer to God as "Dios" and many French refer to God as "Dieu" yet they mean the same God. Many Arab Jews and Arab Christians call God "Allah" and the word "Allah" (in Arabic script) appears on the walls of many Arab churches and on the pages of Arabic Bibles. Although the understanding of God may differ between the various faith groups, it does not change the fact that the One Lord and Creator of the Universe is the God of all people.

10)      The Islamic concept of God is that He is merciful and compassionate. Islam also teaches that He is just and swift in punishment. However, Allah once said to Muhammad, "My mercy prevails over my wrath". So Islam teaches a balance between fear and hope, protecting one from both complacency and despair.

11)      Muslims believe that God has revealed 99 of His names, or attributes, in the Qur'an. It is through these names that one can come to know the Creator. A few of these names are the All-Merciful, the All-Knower, the Protector, the Provider, the Near, the First, the Last, the Hidden and the Source of All Peace.

12)      The Christian concept of "vicarious atonement" (the idea that Jesus died for the sins of humanity) is alien to the Islamic concept of personal responsibility. Islam teaches that on the Day of Judgment every person will be resurrected and will be accountable to God for their every word and deed. Consequently, a practicing Muslim is always striving to be righteous while hoping and praying for God's acceptance and grace.

13)      Muslims believe in all of the prophets that preceded Muhammad, from Adam to Jesus. Muslims believe they brought the same message of voluntarily surrendering to God's will (Islam, in a generic sense) to different peoples at different times. Muslims also believe they were "Muslims" (again, in a generic sense) since they followed God's true guidance and surrendered their will to Him.

14)      Muslims neither worship Muhammad nor pray through him. Muslims solely worship the Unseen and Omniscient Creator, Allah.

15)      Muslims accept the original unaltered Torah (as revealed to Moses) and the original unaltered Bible (as revealed to Jesus) since they were revealed by God. But none of these scriptures exist today in their original form or in their entirety. Therefore, Muslims follow the subsequent, final and preserved revelation of God, the Qur'an.

16)      The Qur'an was not authored by Muhammad. It was authored by God, revealed to Muhammad (through angel Gabriel) and written into physical form by his companions.

17)      The original Arabic text of the Qur'an contains no flaws or contradictions, and has not been altered since its revelation.

18)      Actual 7th century Qurans, complete and intact, are on display in museums in Turkey and other places around the world.

19)      If all Qur'ans in the world today were destroyed, the original Arabic would still remain. This is because millions of Muslims, called "hafiz" or "memorizer", have memorized the text verbally from beginning to end, every word and every syllable. Also, chapters from the Qur'an are precisely recited from memory in each of the five formal prayers performed daily by hundreds of millions of Muslims throughout the world.

20)      Some attribute the early and rapid spread of Islam to forced conversions by the sword. While it is accurate that the Muslim empire initially spread, for the most part, through battles and conquests (a common phenomenon for that time) the religion of Islam itself was never forced on anyone who found themselves living under Muslim rule. In fact, non-Muslims were afforded the right to worship as they pleased as long as a tax, called "jizyah", was paid. During the Dark Ages, Jews, Christians and others were given protection by the Muslims from religious persecutions happening in Europe. Islam teaches no compulsion in religion (Qur'an 2:256 and 10:99). For more, read "The Spread of Islam in the World" by Thomas Arnold.

21)      Terrorism, unjustified violence and the killing of non-combatant civilians (or even intimidating, threatening or injuring them) are all absolutely forbidden in Islam. Islam is a way of life that is meant to bring peace to a society whether its people are Muslim or not. The extreme actions of those who claim to be Muslim may be a result of their ignorance, frustration, uncontrolled anger or political (not religious) ambitions. Anyone who condones or commits an act of terrorism in the name of Islam is simply not following Islam and is, in fact, violating its very tenets. These people are individuals with their own personal views and agendas. The most prominent examples of such "religious" fanatics are Anders Behring Breivik, the 2011 Norwegian terrorist who claimed in his manifesto to be "100 percent Christian" and Baruch Goldstein, perpetrator of the 1994 Hebron massacre who is considered by some Jews to be a "hero" and a "saint". Extremism and fanaticism are problems not exclusive to Muslims. Anyone who thinks that all Muslims are terrorists should remember that the former boxer Muhammad Ali, perhaps the most celebrated person of our era, is a practicing Muslim.

22)      The word "jihad" does not mean "holy war". It actually means "to struggle" or "to strive". In a religious context, it means the struggle to successfully surrender one's will to the will of God but there are many other forms of jihad which are much more relevant to the everyday life of a Muslim such as the struggles against laziness, arrogance, stinginess, one's own ego, or the struggle against a tyrant ruler or against the temptations of Satan, etc. Regarding the so-called verses of "holy war" in the Qur'an, two points: A) The term "holy war" neither appears in the Arabic text of the Qur'an nor in any classical teachings of Islam. B) The vast majority of verses in the Qur'an pertaining to violence refer to wartime situations in which Muslims were permitted to defend themselves against violent aggression. Any rational, intellectual analysis of the context and historical circumstances surrounding such verses, often ignored by pundits or violent extremists. Other verses of violence deal with stopping oppression, capital punishment and the like.

23)      Women are not oppressed in Islam. Any Muslim man that oppresses a woman is not following Islam. Among the many teachings of Muhammad that protected the rights and dignity of women is his saying, "...the best among you are those who treat their wives well."

24)      Islam grants women many rights in the home and in society. Among them is the right to earn money, financial support, own property, educate, inherit, being treated kindly, vote, a bridal gift, keep their maiden name, worship in a mosque, a divorce, and so on.

25)      Muslim women wear the head-covering (hijab) in fulfillment of God's decree to dress modestly. This type of modest dress has been worn by religious women throughout time such as traditional Catholic nuns, Mother Teresa and the Virgin Mary.

26)      Forced marriages, honor killings, female genital mutilation and the confinement of women to their homes are all forbidden in Islam. These practices stem from deeply entrenched cultural traditions and/or ignorance about the true Islamic teachings or how to apply them in society. The arranged marriages are allowed in Islam but are not required. In fact, one of the conditions for a valid Islamic marriage contract is the mutual consent of both parties to the marriage. Divorce is permissible provided the Islamic guidelines are followed which protect the rights of all affected parties, especially women and unborn children.

27)      Islam and the Nation "of Islam" are two different religions. Islam is a religion for all races and enjoins the worship of the One Unseen God who never took human form. On the other hand "the Nation" is a movement geared towards non-whites that teaches God appeared as a man named Fard Muhammad and that Elijah Muhammad was a prophet. Islamically, these are blasphemous beliefs that contradict the basic theology defined throughout the Qur'an and other authentic texts. The followers of "the Nation" adhere to some Islamic principles that are mixed with other practices and beliefs completely alien to authentic Islamic teachings. To better understand the differences read about Malcolm X, his pilgrimage to Mecca and his subsequent comments to the media. Islam teaches equality amongst the races (Qur'an 49:13).

28)      All Muslims are not Arab, Middle-Eastern or of African descent. Islam is a universal religion and way of life that includes followers from all races. There are Muslims in and from virtually every country in the world. Arabs only constitute about 20% of Muslims worldwide. The country today with the largest Muslim population is not located in the Middle East. It is Indonesia with over 200 million Muslims. India ranks second with 175 million.

29)      In the five daily prayers, Muslims face the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is a cube-shaped stone structure that was built by Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. Muslims do not worship the Kaaba. It serves as a focal point for Muslims around the world, unifying them in worship and symbolizing their common belief, spiritual focus and direction. Interestingly the inside of the Kaaba is empty.

30)      The hajj is an annual pilgrimage to the Kaaba performed by about 3 million Muslims from all corners of the Earth. It is performed to fulfill one of the pillars of Islam. The rituals of hajj commemorate the struggles of Abraham, his wife Hagar and their son Ishmael in surrendering their wills to God.

Monday, April 10, 2017

كيف يصنع الأنسولين البشرى؟

خطوات التصنيع
-عزل جينات الإنسولين ايتم عزل الجينات لإنتاج الأنسولين البشري البروتين.الجين هو جزء من الحمض النووي البشري الموجود فى الصبغيات (كروموسوم). الجين يمكن عزله ثم عمل عدة نسخ منه وبذلك يتوفر العديد من الجينات الانسولين المستعدة للعمل بها.
-إعداد الحمض النووي (الهدف) في عام 1973 ، وقام اثنان من العلماء كوهين و بوير بوضع طريقة لأخذ الحمض النووي من كائن واحد ووضعها في الحمض النووي لبكتيريا -- باستخدام بكتيريا القولون (E.Coli) يمثل المصنع وتسمى هذه العملية إعادة التكنولوجيا الحيوية .يتم أولا: عزل قطعة من الحمض النووي للبكتيريا ( بلازميد) يستخدم فيها نوع خاص من البروتينات .
- إضافة الحمض النووي إلى البلازميد ايتم الآن إدراج الجينات الأنسولين فى البلازميد المفتوحةثم غلق الحلقة بواسطة أنزيم آخرخاص. الأنسولين البشري الجينات الآن معد و متحد مع الحمض النووي للبكتيريا بلازميد.
-إعادة البلازميد الى خلية ايتم إعادة االبلازميد التى تحتوي على الحمض النووي + جينات الأنسولين البشري وإدخاله في البكتريا.يستخدام العلماء الإبر والمحاقن لنقل معاد بلازميد البكتيريا من خلال غشاء الخلية.
- تتضاعف البلازميد العديد البلازميدات المحتوية على الانسولين الجيني تدرج في العديد من الخلايا البكتيرية. تحتاج هذه الخلايا المواد الغذائية لتنمو وتنقسم وتحيا. في الوقت الذي يعيشون فيه ، يتم أيضا أنتاج الجينات الانسولين البشرية . عندما تنقسم الخلايا البكتيرية إلى خلايا حديثة المنشأ؛ ينقسم معها جينات الأنسولين البشري أيضا 
-استنساخ الخلايا المستهدفة يتم تجميع جزيئات الأنسولين البشري التي تنتجها البكتيريا ويتم تنقيتها. عملية تنقية الأنسولين من البقر والخنازير والتى تنتج الانسولين قد تضاءلت إلى حد كبير أو القضاء عليها.
-خلايا إنتاج البروتين الملايين من المصابين بالسكري الآن الأنسولين البشري التي تنتجها البكتيريا أو الخميرة (التصنيع الحيوى للانسولين) التي تتوافق مع وراثيا مع أجسادهم ، تماما مثل الانسولين الذى يفرز بشكل طبيعي في الجسم

منقول عن موقع شركة سيديكو

جمعية مرضى السكري لولاية تيسمسيلت

Thursday, December 29, 2016

كورس المحاسبة من الصفر الي الاحتراف

كورس المحاسبة من الصفر الي الاحتراف 

للاستاذ/ علاء الدين محمد زكي 


Saturday, August 6, 2016

أميرة حرودة: لماذا أعرض نفسي للخطر لأتحدث عن قصص وقعت في غزة

Ameera Harouda leads journalists to the harrowing (and often hidden) stories of the Gaza Strip that they couldn’t find on their own.

عندما تسمع أميرة صوت القصف والقنابل تتوجه مباشرةً لها ،حيث قالت أميرة وهي أول مرافقة صحفية في غزة : "أود أن أكون أول الواصلين لأن مثل هذه القصص يجب أن تروى " من خلال عملها الذي يسمح لها بإرشاد الصحفيين إى مناطق الدمار وسيناريوهات الحرب في بلدها التي ما زالت رغم كل الأوضاع المأساوية فيها تكن لها كل الحب والاحترام ، شاهد ماالذي يشجعها لتوصل صوت معاناة الشعب في غزة في هذا الحديث الذي لا ينسى .